Main Article Content
In 2022, we identified two new habitats of the protected green-winged orchid (Anacamptis morio L.) in the Bükk Mountains, in the surroundings of the city of Eger. One of the habitats is in the southwestern steppe meadow of the protected Nagy Eged Hill, while the other one is on a private plot near the village of Szarvaskő. A total of 18 blooming individuals were counted in the two sites. In the lower part of the steppe, at the foot of the protected Nagy-Eged Hill (47°97'56"N and 20°34'51"E), we found one well-developed green-winged orchid already in its flowering stage. It stood out with its smaller size and different flower colour from the lady orchids (Orchis purpurea HUDS.) widespread on the slopes of the mountain. Unfortunately, no other roots were found during our survey. The blooming flowers that make up the inflorescence were of the most common dark purple-red color. At the other site, further 17 individuals of the green-winged orchid were identified in a private garden (3,500 m2) in the outskirts of the village of Szarvaskő (47°92'02"N and 20°40'58"E). Most of the garden is covered by regularly mowed lawn. All of the detected orchids were in bloom and appeared scattered throughout the plot. Five larger plants grew at a great distance from one another, while 12 small ones (height: ≤10 cm) developed in a bunch. We had been aware of the presence of the protected orchid species on the plot since 2017, but before 2022 only a maximum of 3 flowering individuals appeared in one specific area of the plot each year. Floristic papers have not reported the occurrence of this species either in Nagy-Eged or in Szarvaskő so far.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Bartha, D., Bán, M., Schmidt, D., Tiborcz, V. 2023. On-line database of vascular plants in Hungary. University of Sopron, Faculty of Forestry, Institute of Environmental Protection and Nature Conservation. Online available at http://floraatlasz.uni-sopron.hu (in Hungarian)
Bateman, R.M., Pridgeon, A.M., Chase, M.W. 1997. Phylogenetics of subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidoideae, Orchidaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequences. 2. Intrageneric relationships and monophyly of Orchis sensu. Stricto Lindleyana 12, 113–141.
Dobos, A., Nagy, R., Molek, Á. 2014. Land use changes in a historic wine region and their connections with optimal land-use: a case study of Nagy Eged Hill, Northern Hungary. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences 9(2), 219–230.
El-Heliebi, S. 2015. Zur Reproduktionsbiologie von Anacamptis (Orchis) coriophora – Bestäubung, Fortpflanzungssystem und Bestandsentwicklung des Wanzenknabenkrauts in der Lobau im Nationalpark Donau-Auen. MSC Thesis, Institut für Integrative Naturschutzforschung, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, Vienna, 116 pp.
Euro+Med 2023. Euro+Med PlantBase. The information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Online available at http://www.europlusmed.org
Evans, K. 2011. Wild orchids of SE England. Report, p. 62. Online available at https://www.tumblr.com/barbus59/ 106836135457/wild-orchids-of-the-south-east-uk-part-1-of-3
Farkas, S. (ed.) 1999. Protected plants in Hungary, Mezőgazda Kiadó, Budapest. (in Hungarian)
Gaponenko, M.B., Ivannikov, R.V. 2013. Prospects of cultivation of Anacamptis morio (L.) R. M. Bateman, Pridgeon et M.W. Chase (Orchidaceae) for conservation in Ukraine. Ukrainian Botanical Journal 70(5), 635–641.
Jacquemyn H., Brys R., Hermy M., Willems J. H. 2005. Does nectar reward affect rarity and extinction probabilities of orchid species? An assessment using historical records from Belgium and the Netherlands. Biological Conservation 121, 257–263. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.05.002
Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I., Ågren, J. 2003. The effects of nectar addition on pollen removal and geitonogamy in the non-rewarding orchid Anacamptis morio. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 271, 803–809. DOI https://doi.org/10.1098%2Frspb.2003.2659
Kercsmár, Zs. (ed.), Budai, T., Csillag, G., Selmeczi, I., Sztanó, O. 2015. Surface geology of Hungary. Explanatory notes to the Geological map of Hungary (1:500 000). Geological and Geophysical Institute of Hungary, Budapest, ISBN 978-963-671-302-7, p. 66.
Kerner, A. 1875. Vegetationsverhӓltnisse des mittleren und östlichen Ungarns und angrenzenden Siebenbürgens. Verlag der Wagnerschen Universitats-Buchhandlung. Innsbruck, 536 p.
Kull, T., Hutchings, M.J. 2006. A comparative analysis of the decline in the distribution ranges of orchid species in Estonia and the United Kingdom. Biological Conservation 129, 31–39. DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2005.09.046
Molnár, V.A. (ed.) 2011. Atlas of Hungarian orchids. Kossuth Kiadó, Budapest, 504 p. (in Hungarian)
Nilsson, L.A. 1984. Anthecology of Orchis morio (Orchidaceae) at its outpost in the north. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientarum Upsaliensis 5(3), 166–179.
Paušič, I., Kaligarič, M. 2015. Dry grassland land use treatment regime explains the occurrence of the green winged orchid, Anacamptis morio (L.) R. M. Bateman, Pridgeon et M.W. Chase in the Goričko Nature Park, Ne Slovenia. Folia Biologica et Geologica 56(3), 138–148.
Pifkó, D., Barina, Z. 2004. Data on the flora of the Bükkalja. Kitaibelia 9(1), 151-164. Online available at https://kitaibelia.unideb.hu/articles/Kitaibelia_vol91_p151-164.pdf (in Hungarian)
Rankou, H. 2011. Anacamptis morio (Europe assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Online available at https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/176030/7178502
Schmotzer, A. 1997. Floristic data on the Southern and Northern Bükk Mountains. Kitaibelia 2(1), 71–74. (in Hungarian)
Schmotzer, A. 2015. Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Roth and additional data on the flora of the Bükkalja. Kitaibelia 20(1), 81–142. (in Hungarian) DOI: https://doi.org/ 10.17542/kit.20.81
Schmotzer, A. 2019. Data on the flora of the Heves-Borsodi Plain I. Distribution of forest, forest-steppe and steppe species. Kitaibelia 24(1), 16–65. DOI https://doi.org/10.17542/kit.24.16 (in Hungarian)
Shevchyk, V.L., Solomakha, I.V., Shevchyk, O.V., Dvirna, T.S., Solomakha, V.A., Shevchyk, T.V., Fitsailo, T.V. 2019. A new finding of a uniquely large population of Anacamptis morio (Orchidaceae) on the Left-Bank Ukraine. Biodiversity: Research and Conservation 55, 15–24. DOI https://doi.org/10.2478/biorc-2019-0012
Soó, R. 1943. Preliminary works on the flora of the Bükk Mountains and its surroundings. Botanikai Közlemények 40, 169–221. (in Hungarian)
Stroh, P.A. 2007. The current distribution of Green-winged Orchid Orchis morio L. in Huntingdonshire (vc31), the Soke of Peterborough (vc32) and old Cambridgeshire (vc29). Nature in Cambridgeshire 49, 3–10.
Vojtkó A. (ed.) 2001. The flora of the Bükk Mountains. Sorbus, Eger, ISBN 963 00 6629 7, 340 p. (in Hungarian)
/2015. (X.26.) FM Decree 19/1997. (VII.4.) KTM Decree on measures related to confiscated protected natural values, as well as on protected and highly protected species of plants and animals, the range of highly protected caves, and nature conservation in the European Community amending KöM Decree 13/2001. (V.9.) on the publication of plant and animal species that are significant. (in Hungarian)