Időskorúak intézményi beilleszkedésének vizsgálata
AbstractSummary : Introduction : In our age, the aging of society is a global phenomenon, which is the result of a decreasing fertility rate and the increase of average age. The increase of average life expectancy at birth however, does not mean a healthy aging. With the extension of life age, the number of elderly in need of full or partial care is growing. From the 20th century, the „institutionalization” of old age has become more and more commonplace. This mass phenomenon can mainly be led back to modernization processes. Observed from this context, I have considered it important to map out the adaptation to an institutional lifestyle from the perspective of the welfare of the elderly. Objective Surveying the effects on the individual’s mental life and attitude after moving into a nursing home. Identifying effective strategies related to adaptation to an institutional lifestyle. Method The survey relies on the analysis of documents and semi-structured interviews. Results A negative picture is outlined on the basis of the data and information gained from the survey. Residential homes do not offer satisfying answers in order to handle the difficulties of the elderly and to ensure their mental well-being. Nonetheless, successful integration can be observed as well, in case of persons with the identified and differentiated coping strategies. Conclusions Instead of institutional care, the necessity of putting emphasis on nursing-caring forms performed in a personal, familiar environment, home. Suggestions It is important to get to know with the life of the elderly in detail along the activities, relationships and characteristics of coping. By relying on these pieces of information, efficient help can be given to ensure the institutional adaptation.