Energy and renewable energy use in EU28 and Hungary on the basis of statistics

  • Judit Csizmásné Tóth
  • Zsolt Hollósy
  • Judit Poór
Keywords: energy policy, renewable energy, electricity, energy consumption

Abstract

This paper presents the expansion of renewable energy sources of electricity generation over the last 10-15 years, based on statistical data for Hungary and for the EU-28 member states. The share of renewable energy in electricity production was almost 30% in the EU28 in 2016, while in Hungary it was only 7%, which is the second lowest share in EU member states. In Hungary, the share of nuclear energy is still high in electricity production, and the proportion of biomass in renewable energy in Hungary is very high compared to the EU-28 average. An important issue for Hungary is how to reduce the share of nuclear energy in the longer term. Finally, the paper highlights the essential elements of the Hungarian METAR subsidy system aimed at encouraging the production of electricity (and heat) energy from renewable energy sources while minimizing the burden on end users.

References

[1] International Energy Agency (IEA) (2017): Key world energy statistics.
[2] Global Status Report (GSR): Renewables Global Status Report 2005. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century – REN21
[3] Global Status Report (GSR): Renewables Global Status Report 2007. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century – REN21
[4] Global Status Report (GSR): Renewables Global Status Report 2018. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century – REN21
[5] EU Energy In Figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2018, European Union, 2018.
[6] Energy Policies Of IEA Countries - Hungary 2017 Review, OECD/International Energy Agency, 2017.
[7] http://www.mnnsz.hu/megujulo-tamogatasi-rendszer-metar/, date of download: 2018.10.10.
Published
2018-12-05
How to Cite
Csizmásné Tóth, J., Hollósy, Z., & Poór, J. (2018). Energy and renewable energy use in EU28 and Hungary on the basis of statistics. Analecta Technica Szegedinensia, 12(2), 51-56. https://doi.org/10.14232/analecta.2018.2.51-56
Section
Articles