Defining the Caribbean Area and Identity

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Zita Tézer


In examining Caribbean identity, it is essential to examine the demarcation of the area, delimit the boundaries, assess how local people have defined or redefined themselves in space and time, and how this is influenced by economics and politics. Obviously the key is the geographic proximity of the Caribbean Sea and its history, which result in many similarities in time, but there is variation, and there are differences. Two significant researchers who investigated the most important common elements like colonization, plantation economy and slavery, Charles Wagley and Sidney Mintz cultural anthropologists, conducted their fieldwork in Brazil, Puerto Rico, Haiti and Jamaica. In defining the “Caribbean” within Plantation America cultural sphere, Charles Wagley took into account the geography, the environment, linguistics, the modes of production, the local histories. Both anthropologists made sociocultural, ethnographic and demographic analyses, comparing the colonial structures in the plantations to delimit the culturally identical area, which, however, today is not followed by geopolitical boundaries, nor is the locals' perceptions of their own interpretation about the Caribbean area.


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Tézer, Z. (2020). Defining the Caribbean Area and Identity. Acta Hispanica, (II), 203–212.
Biografía del autor/a

Zita Tézer, Eötvös Loránd University

Zita Tézer graduated from the Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Arts, Budapest, and received MA degrees in Archaeology and Cultural Anthropology. She worked for the Budapest History Museum between 2001 and 2012, she was responsible for the Prehistoric Collection. She spent one year in Chile in a field work between 2012 and 2013. Her publications analyze the social influence of the Pinochet’s dictatorship. She participated in a postgraduate special course at the Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church, Hungary between 2016 and 2017. Latin America is the main field of her studies. She started the PhD studies in 2018 at the Eötvös Loránd University in the Department of Modern and Contemporary History. Her researches focus on the problems of the Caribbean Identity of Cuba and the Political Aspects of the issue.


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